National Park Sutjeska covers a wider area of the river Sutjeska basin, including strictly protected rain forest Prerućica, as well parts of the mountains Maglić, Volujak and Zelengora. By declaration of the area as a national park in 1962, its borders have covered the most beautiful parts of three Herzegovinian municipalities: Foča, Gacko and Kalinovik.
The total area of the park is 17,250 ha, of which over 66% is covered with forests, while other parts consists of pastures, meadows, above the upper border of the forests.
Almost completely unhabited and difficult accessibility are the main reason why for a long time only a few have had opportunity to experience all the wonders that nature gave away to this area.
It hosts one of the last two remaining primeval forests in Europe, called Perućica.
Sutjeska National Park is located on the main road directed: Belgrade – Višegrad – Foča – Tjentište – Trebinje – Dubrovnik.
It is closed by Pivska Mt. (1,775 m.) and Piva river to Šćepan-polje, and further on Drina to the mouth of Sutjeska river. On the west is Zelengora massif (2,014 m.), connected with Lelija (2,032 m.), southeast Maglić (2,386 m.), Volujak (2,337 m.) and Bioč (2,388 m.). Through this area flows Sutjeska with more of its contributaries.The most attractive is immediate area of the park (17,350 ha, half of it forests).
Rainforest Perućica (1,291 ha) is unique in the Europe.
PLANT AND ANIMAL WORLD
In the National Park Sutjeska, a relatively small area, is located a huge vast wealth of flora and fauna, what made this area the target of numerous scientist: botanists, forestry experts, geologists, zoologists. Here, you can find more than 2,600 vascular plant species, with a high proportion of endemic and rare species. The rich flora includes a list of over 100 species of edible mushrooms, as well as a large number of species from Red List, or therare, endangered and sensitive species.
Fauna of the National Park Sutjeska is also extremely rich. In these dense forests and mountain cliffs, inhabited by almost all types of species typical for Balkan Mt.system. In the course of the Park Management (March – Sptember 2002) was recorded a list of 114 bird species, but the final one should reach 135-150, if more observations were carried out in differen periods of the year.
Of 114 indetified species, 61 nests in and lives in Park, 32 species visit the park only during the summer, but also nest, 16 belongs to migratory species that pass through this area in the fall and spring to the northern areas where they nest.
Five types of bar appears only in winter. Bird list includes 9 types of woodpecker.
Sutjeska initialy became National Park due to historical battle from WW2 – the large stone monuments commemorating the event are still there, at Tjentište location.
Maglić (2386) is the highest although not the largest mountain in Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of the most beautiful mountains of Montenegro (Serbia&Montenegro). One part of Maglić massif is placed on Bosnia&Herzegovina side, while it's second part is on Montenegrin territory. Maglić peak has two summits,
Bosanski Maglić (2386 m) peak on Bosnia&Herzegovina side and Crnogorski Maglić (2388 m) on Montenegrin side, which is 2 m higher then Bosanski Maglić summit on Bosnia&Herzegovina side. But, officially, the pride of the highest summit of Mt Maglić belong to Bosanski Maglić (2386 m), even that the Crnogorski Maglić (2388 m) is 2 m higher. Montenegrin part of Maglić massif is decorated by amazing beauty of Trnovačko Jezero (Trnovačko Lake), one of the most beautiful of Montenegro.
Maglić massif is located about 20 km on the southwest from the city Foča near the border with Montenegro. On Montenegrin side, the nearest place to Maglić; is Mratinje town. The mountain is on the north and west bordered by river Sutjeska, on the southwest by mountain Volujak, on the east by rivers Drina and Piva and on the south by valley Mratinjska Uvala.
All hillsides, except northwestern, are very steep and overgrown with coniferous and beech trees. Forest line is approx. at altitude of 1600 m. Above is plateau with excellent pastures. Many summits and ridges raise from the plateau – the most important are Vučevo (Crni Vrh 1591m), Rujevac (1835m), Sniježnica (1804m), Prijevor (Makaze 1668m), Mratinjska Gora (1576m) and the Maglić; ridge itself (2388m).
The foothill and the hillsides are rich with water but the plateau isn’t. There is a spring at Dragos Sedlo (just below the road) - near the monument to Nurija Pozderac (war hero from World War II). There are springs on both Rujevac and Ulobic but it’s dry in late summer. The most plentiful is a spring in Carev Do that never dries out.
There are no permanent settlements on the mountain. Before the war, during summer, many shepherds came with flocks of sheep on the plateau but now (after the war) I don’t remember I’ve seen a single one.
The most attractive point of Maglic is definitelly its main ridge with the highest summit. The summit is accessible only from southern side overgrown with grass and mountain pine. All other hillsides are steep, barren and rocky. The view from the summit is just marvellous – first of all to neigbouring Volujak and Bioc and Trnovacko Lake, but also to Durmitor (in Montenegro) and other bosnian mountains on north and northwest.
Trnovačko lake is particularly beautiful – at height of 1700 m, long 700m and wide 400m, squeezed among Maglić, Volujak and Bioc whose ridges slope to the lake valley. It’s open only to the north toward wooded Vratnice. Colour of the lake is amazing green-blue.