The space Vrelo Bosne represents source of river Bosna, situated south-west of the city of Sarajevo, under the slopes of mountains Igman and Bjelašnica.
Area Vrelo Bosne has always been considered as an integral part of the area Ilidža – Vrelo Bosne – Stojčevac, because with its natural and cultural-historical values they are inseparebly linked, and according to created values this area represents one entity, especially from the tourism, spa care and recreation aspect.
The richness of nature in this area, which attracts a large number of visitors, is reflected in resources of quality drinkable water, thermal waters, forests, agricultural resources, an attractive location for tourism and recreation, as well as many other goods of cultural and historical heritage.
Assembly of Sarajevo Canton has made decision on the meeting held on 25.05.2006, that this area is protected area by the law, and that it is natural monument. Natural monument is located in the region of Ilidža and covers an area of 603 ha.
District Vrelo Bosne is an area where there is a main source of drinking water „Bačevo” for the city of Sarajevo. Catchment source represents Igman and Bjelašnica mountains. In this area the water occurs in the form of: - Springs, - Surface watercourses, and - Groundwater, thermal thermo-mineral and cold waters. On the site of the spring of Bosnia, there are six springs and numerous streams, which are aggregated into single aquifer, indicated as Mala Bosna (Little Bosna). To hydrological diversitiy of the wider are of Vrelo Bosne contribute creeks Večerica and Stojčevac.
PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES
The wider area of Vrelo Bosne is characterized by the large heterogeneity of plant cover. This region is the habitat over the 26 different plant communities.
The entire mosaic, is rugged by the primary ecosystems (Igman mountain edges), with the lawn areas or secondary and tertiary ecosystems represented with arable lands and park surfaces. As a result of previous research on the wider area of Vrelo Bosna, it is registered a great variety of bushes and trees, and herbaceous plants.
Number of animals registered in this area (water and mainland) is accompanied by a high diversity of plant cover. According to previous data there was 20 mammal species, which are partly related to the slopes of Igman. The fish is dominated by indigenous species of creek trout that is more related to the small area of Bosna to Plandište, and beside it Californian Trout and grayling, but they are well adopted.
Slopes of Stojčevac are connected to Vrelo Bosne with an alley, which consists of red oak and lindens. At the very area which is edged with slopes of Igman mountain there are parks with 49 types of trees, bushes of different types of wild rose, raspberry and blackberry blossoms whose flowers contribute to a beautiful atmosphere.
Water ecosystem is represented with Stojčevac creek, where downstream in the center forms a lake. Locality of Stojčevac before the was one of the most beautiful and well designed spaces in the city, and has been significant tourist and recreational center.
This area is important archeological site. On this locality is in the second half of 9th or in the first decades of 10th century built a church dedicated to Saint Stephen (Svetom Stepanu Prvomučeniku).
The building was pre-Romanesque, and dating was performed according to the findings of church furniture. Occupancy is built together with the church donated to the Bosnian bishop in diocesan establishment in the second half of 11th century.
The Church mentioned is in the Charter of Bela IV, from 1244. During the century the church was reconstructed, and was demolished in early 14th century. In the ruins and around them was formed the necropolis of about 80 tombstones.